A charreada is a Mexican rodeo, and in Jalisco it is very popular a real recognized sport with strict rules and lots of competitions.   In some ways it is Mexican for NASCAR. Both men and women compete, wearing colorful Mexican cowboy costumes trimmed in silver studs. The horsemen show off there lasso ability and make their mounts dance to a live Mariachi band, while vendors go through the stands selling drinks and and snacks.

The peculiar figure of Mexican charro is a symbol of our nationality. From one perspective, historical figure of the Mexican charro, dating back to colonial times, when the estates of mixed farming economy, known as estancias or ranches originated.  However, the first contact of the indigenous people of America with the horse as transportation employee, dates back to the time of the conquest.

Throughout the colonial period and at the time of Independence, abounded important events in our history in which the man on horseback played a vital role in both fights, and in the maintenance of peace and thanks their exploits charros consolidated figure.

The charra party starts with the general parade participants and charros Adelitas Skirmish some who walk on their steeds the ring and render honors to the Mexican flag.  Then it happens, according to the established order, the different fates.

Charreria in Guadalajara Mexico



Charreria competitions are held in Guadalajara every Sunday in different locations,  competitions lasts approximately two hours. During the Mariachi Festival, the Mexican National Charro Championship will be held September the first weekend in September.


A
charreada is held within a marked-off area of an arena consisting of a lane 12 meters (13 yards) wide by 60 meters (66 yards) long leading into a circle 40 meters (44 yards) in diameter.

The participants must wear traditional charro clothing while performing.

Preceding the events is an opening ceremony in which the organizations and participants parade into the arena on horseback, usually accompanied by a mariachi band playing.

The charreada itself consists of a number of scoring events staged in a particular order—nine for the men and one for the women. Two or more teams, called asociaciones, compete against each other. Teams can compete to become state, regional, and national champions. The competitors are judged by both style and execution. Unlike rodeos, most charreadas do not award money to the winners.This is due to the fact that charreadas are considered an amateur sport, not professional. Under Mexican laws it would be illegal to receive a monetary reward for participating in a charreada. At times there are such prizes as saddles or horse trailers.

Charreria



Men's events

Cala de Caballo (Test of the horse); The charro puts his horse though various commands to demonstrate his ability and the horse's training. Controlled slide, left and right half, full, and triple turns, dismount and mount, and reverse walk are performed.

Piales en Lienzo (Roping of the feet); a horseman must throw a lariat, let a wild mare run through the loop catching it by the hind legs. Three opportunities are given. Points are awarded for distance needed to stop the mare. This is done in the rectangular portion of the arena;

Colas en el Lienzo
, or Coleadero (Arena bull tailing) similar to bull dogging except that the rider does not dismount; the charro rides alongside the left side of the bull, wraps its tail around his right leg, and tries to cause the bull fall and roll as he rides past it. Points are given for technique, time, and roll of the bull.

Jineto de Toro
similar to the rodeo event. Bulls are smaller, between 990 and 1320 pounds, and are ridden until they stop bucking. Two hands can be used on the bullrope.  Points are given for technique. The charro cannot fall off, he must dismount and land upright. After the charro dismounts the bull he must remove the bullrope and bellrope so the Terna en el Ruedo can follow.

Terna en el Ruedo (Team of three); a team roping event in which three charros attempt to rope a bull - one by its neck, one by its hind legs, and the last then ties its feet together. They have a maximum of 10 minutes. Points are awarded for rope tricks and time.

Jineteo de Yegua (Bareback on a wild mare); similar to bareback bronc
riding. Yegua means mare. A wild mare is riden with a bullrope. Two hands are used and the legs are held horizontally to the ground.

Manganas a Pie (Roping on foot) a charro on foot (pie) has three opportunities to rope a wild mare by its front legs and cause it to fall and roll once. The wild mare is chased around the ring by three mounted charros. Points are awarded for time and rope tricks as long as the horse is roped and brought down. Extra points are given for the tirón del ahorcado (hanged pull) in which the rope is around the charro's neck and he uses his body to cause the mare to fall and roll. Points for all three attempts are cumulative. Eight minutes are given.

Manganas a Caballo

or (Roping from horseback); a charro on horseback has three opportunities to rope a wild mare by its front legs and cause it to fall and roll once. The wild mare is chased around the ring by three mounted charros. Points are awarded for time and rope tricks as long as the horse is roped and brought down. Points for all three attempts are cumulative. Eight minutes are given.

El Paso de la Muerte (The pass of death) a charro riding bareback, with reins, attempts to leap from his own horse to the bare back of a wild horse without reins and ride it until it stops bucking. The most dangerous part of this is if the charro performing the pass falls under three other mounted charros that are chasing the wild mare around the arena ring. This is done backwards at times for show.

Charreria in Guadalajara


Women's event

Escaramuza
(Skirmish): Since the 1950's, this breath-taking event adds beauty and elegance to the Charreada. During this event a team of 8-12 women riding sidesaddle and dressed in colorful Adelita dresses perform a variety of precision riding techniques. Years of training by the rulebook make this event art, sport, and an extension of the culture that is Charreria. It is usually held between the Coleadero and the Jineteo de Toro.
 
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